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Water Quality - Nitrate levels in rainwater and tapwater - Viresco UK - Aquatic Weed Control and Horticultural Supplies

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Viresco (UK) Ltd Tel: 44 (0)1845 525585 Fax: 44 (0)1845 523133 Email:sales@viresco-uk.com

Viresco (UK) Limited is a company registered in England and Wales with company number 5079726 VAT No: 481 9223 35 © 2003-2012

Suppliers of speciality products for the amateur pondkeeper and gardener worldwide

Water Quality 

Topping Up - How nitrate levels in rainwater and tapwater can affect your pond

Viresco™ products remove nitrate in pond and aquarium water.  Nitrate is the key nutrient ingredient for the growth of blanketweed and other algae. When nitrate is reduced to zero, these algae will die of starvation.

Having used our Viresco™ product to keep their ponds clear of blanketweed, some of our customers have reported that blanketweed has grown back with a vengeance after a rainstorm. This is most likely due to acid rain and the resulting nitrate in rainwater.

Acid rain arises from two types of acid-forming materials.  One is from sulphur dioxide that rises as a by-product of industrial processes and from the burning of fossil fuels. The second acid-forming group of gases that rise into the atmosphere are the nitrogen oxides. When these oxides (NOx) are dissolved in rainwater high in the atmosphere, mainly nitric acid (HNO3) is produced.  This dilute acid falls to the ground when it rains and produces nitrate in ponds.
 

Think Nitrate

Your rainwater may have enough nitrate to affect your pond and subsequent algae/blanket weed growth. Check your emissions at www.naei.org.uk

The website www.naei.org.uk of the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI) gives information about the amounts and sources of various atmospheric pollutants, including nitrogen oxides and ammonia.

Shown alongside is a map of the UK giving emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) for 2005 (tonnes per square kilometre).

A major source of these pollutants is road transport. Areas of major roads and urban conurbations show up in red as the highest for nitrogen oxide emissions. The lowest regions for these emissions are shown in blue or purple. As one might expect, these areas are typically in the north west of Scotland and along rural coastlines.

UK Emissions

These major variations in nitrogen oxides and ammonia emissions across different areas of the country must make a difference in the way koi and other ponds are managed, in particular in relation to blanketweed control.  Most pondkeepers know that the level of nitrate in tapwater can be high.  However, do they know that ammonia and nitrate can fall out of the sky in rain?  Evidence is there to show a sudden burst of algae growth can occur shortly after a downfall of rain.

Go to www.naei.org.uk/mapping/mapping_2005.php to view the NOx emissions at your location on a large scale map of the UK.